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Old 11-26-10, 10:44 AM   #1
Daox
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Default Modifying a wood furnace to increase efficiency

My cousin just dropped me off a nice little wood furnace for my garage. Yep, another freebie! But, it does need work. From the name plate on it it looks like its from the early 80s. It is VERY simple which is great. However, it does not have a dedicated inlet for combustion chamber air. Its also pretty small so I'm guessing a lot of heat will escape out of the flue.

I am looking to refurbish this furnace as well as modify it to increase the efficiency. I am looking for ideas! It'll obviously need a dedicated intake for the combustion air. I'm not sure what can be done with the flue to increase efficiency so I'm looking for ideas there. I am also thinking of running some plumbing to it to work as an auxiliary water heater since I'm sure it'll provide more heat than is needed to heat my garage. Anyway, I don't know a lot about furnace design or anything so if anyone has any links to info or anything it would be great.

Here are the pictures:

Front of the furnace. The rust is not only from use, but sitting outside for a while.







Here you can see the problem with the unit. It has several holes in the back. I'll just weld them shut.



This is the back side. Again you can see the holes.



A nice perspective shot. The one hole under the exhaust flue is fairly good in size. Nothing that can't be fixed though.



Here is the unit without the cover over it. There is a blower that attaches under the unit and blows air over the combustion chamber and the hot air exits the top via a large duct. Pretty simple design.



Here is where the blower attaches on the bottom.



This is where the air comes up from the bottom and around the sides.

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Last edited by Daox; 11-26-10 at 10:47 AM..
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Old 11-26-10, 04:39 PM   #2
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Woohoo! Someone's getting a heated garage

Very commercial/industrial looking.

I found out today I may also be on the receiving end of a "new to me" wood stove to replace the worn out old thing currently heating the workshop.
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Old 11-26-10, 06:22 PM   #3
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I've done wood stove repairs before when they devolped cracks like that and the best thing I can suggest is to put a patch over and zig zag the welds or you will have the cracks reopen, lining the inside with fire brick is really the best idea, welding some angle iron in to hold the fire brick would be a good idea, this keeps the fire box hotter without deforming or burning the steel sides of the box, a hotter fire burns cleaner and burns the fuel more completely.
If you want to keep it simple, have your chimney as it exits the back drop down instead of going up, the downward loop extends down a 2-3 feet then goes up, to get a fire started you are going to need to install a "T" with a solid baffle so the smoke can go straight out and up, this will help extract a great of heat out of the smoke while still in the fire box by only letting the coolest of the smoke exit, more modern furnaces have the chimney opening at the bottom to create the same affect.

I am also a big fan of devices like the Magic Heat

I've seen a number of these devices in place and everyone seems really happy with them as they not only help move the warm air but they pull more heat out of the smoke and they have a baffle cleaner built in to keep it cleaning and working.
If you want to heat water a single loop of stainless pipe should work as a slow preheat otherwise wrapping a coil around the chimney that then goes through the fire box should heat up faster so you can heat a tank or floor faster.
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Old 11-26-10, 07:35 PM   #4
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If you plan to locate the stove near a wall (or walls in a corner), you might want to think
about using a reflective shield over any insulation or fire-proofing.

A reflector, will keep the radiant heat inside the garage. Without wasting fuel/heat on the
interior studs etc and exterior of nearby walls.
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Old 11-27-10, 07:53 AM   #5
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16-18 gauge galvanized steel on about 3/4-1" standoffs makes a effective heat shield. We has this around a wood stove, and on the other side of the wall, you could easily find the edge of the shield by feeling the temperature difference. The shield should go several feet beyond the extents of the stove.
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Old 11-27-10, 08:55 AM   #6
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The stand-offs / air space is very important to get good reflectance.

YouTube - Radiant Barrier Under Shingles Won't Work Without An Air Space
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Old 11-27-10, 11:15 AM   #7
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Is that a goats leg in the lower right of the first pic?
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Old 11-27-10, 01:37 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by iamgeo View Post
Is that a goats leg in the lower right of the first pic?
The goat with a pink collar in the 7th pic??
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Old 11-27-10, 02:47 PM   #9
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Ha! I missed that one.
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Old 11-28-10, 12:33 PM   #10
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Never seen a goat in a collar, in a pink one?

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