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Old 03-22-14, 09:59 PM   #11
buffalobillpatrick
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From this study:
http://www.worldenergy.org/documents...papers/412.pdf

Paraffin:
coefficient of thermal conduction – solid = .2W/mK
coefficient of thermal conduction – liquid = .15W/mK

Paraffin is a pretty good insulator (both thermal & electrical)

They put the paraffin into vertical SS 2.35" (60mm) tubes to increase surface area.
But they were looking for quick freeze/thaw times.

It seems that a 275gal IBC Tote tank won't have enough surface area? for a daily freeze/ thaw, but do I need that?

If I get enough winter solar gain that on average all the paraffin gets melted, then I think I can make it through 3-4 days of bad solar conditions with useful heat in tank. ?????

BBP


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Old 02-28-16, 07:09 AM   #12
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BBP,

Any updates on how this all worked out?

Steve
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Old 02-28-16, 10:37 AM   #13
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Hi Steve, on hold until I sell current house.
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Old 03-03-16, 02:02 PM   #14
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BBP, thanks for linking to this thread. Nice tank!

First, PEX has low thermal conductivity, especially in 3/4" or larger because of the wall thickness. For not much more, you can get 1' corrugated stainless that has twice the surface area, tons more turbulence and probably quadruple the heat transfer. I got lucky and got a 98ft roll for under $100 shipped on ebay.

If you will be cycling the tank across the PCM's melt temp frequently, PCM makes sense. If only a few times per year, I would just use water and call it a day. Paraffins will be stable at any temp, salt hydrates are sensitive to temperature extremes. Candle wax for pillar and taper candles melts at a higher temp than wax for votives, container candles, etc. The potentially cheap price may offset the range of melt temp and slightly lower enthalpy.

Stratification only happens in the lower reaches of a 5ft or deeper still tank, not much happens in the top few feet or if there is any turbulence whatsoever. If you positioned your HX coils below the level of the wax so the wax doesn't insulate it but still within the top few feet, it will be as effective as if it were at the top. You could also float heatset PET, or even PP bottles full of wax to prevent the insulating effect. Tidier than "free-range" wax. Tie a cord to them if using a PCM heavier than water.

Put heavygage aluminum foil down the center of the bottles and use bottles with 8" or smaller cross section if you use paraffins and you want to get the heat out before the next ice age.
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Old 03-03-16, 02:28 PM   #15
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[/IMG]

DIY Hydraulic Seperator / Mixer

Taco 007 on left side input, speed controlled by Erie BB3000 with it's temperature controlling sensor on output right side after Grundfos Alpha

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